France’s markets regulator, the Autorité des Marchés Financiers — or AMF — is considering a regulatory sandbox meant to study the impact of security tokens in the European Union.
The AMF announced on March 6 that it proposed a European “Digital Lab” regulatory sandbox allowing local regulators to waive requirements related to security settlements. The regulator hopes that such measures would result in the development of security token market infrastructure that could lead to a secure legal environment.
Exemptions would be granted on the condition that the beneficiary complies with key principles of financial regulations and is subject to increased supervision. The project is meant to investigate Security Token Offerings (STOs) and the broader concept of blockchain-based financial instruments.
The AMF points out that European and national regulations do not prevent the development of security tokens so asset managers wishing to engage with such digital assets would only need to apply to the regulator for an authorization.
The legal requirements of security token trading
The AMF admits that the decentralized nature of blockchain technology is a major legal obstacle to its adoption in finance.
According to the AMF, security token trading could be subject to current regulation and platforms could provide investment services by applying for investment services provider or financial investment adviser authorizations.
Furthermore, to guarantee a secondary market, the trading platform would also need a multilateral trading facility or organized trading facility authorization, which excludes decentralized platforms.
The AMF also points out that the settlement of security tokens is a major problem since current regulations do not allow full settlements on the blockchain. Because of this rule, a platform listing security tokens would either have to go through an intermediary approved as a central depository or be approved as a depository itself.
The rise of tokenized securities
Many believe that the transparency and reliability of blockchain-based systems are well-suited for managing regulated security trading. In January, an official at a securities regulator urged the exploration of the best possible usage of blockchain in securities markets.
Earlier this month, the Eastern Caribbean Securities Exchange announced plans to partner with a digital asset marketplace provider to test STOs.